Borzoi

About the Breed

Borzoi are one of the oldest Russian sighthound breeds, and their development was to assist the hunter in pursuit of game animals like rabbits, fox, and even wolves.  In fact, the pursuit of wolves was an honored activity to test the skill of the dogs, and a hunter would release 2 or more borzoi to chase down the wolf and hold him by the neck until the hunter arrived.

The borzoi is a graceful and natural runner similar to other sighthounds.  He has a natural instinct to ‘course’ or chase after small moving objects and has a passion for free running in these pursuits.  He is surprisingly laid back in the home in between these times.

Today the borzoi can still be found in activities like lure coursing and less commonly in other performance sports.

Physical Characteristics

The borzoi is classified as a giant breed of dog, and he is a tall specimen at 28-32” tall.  He can weigh from 60-100 pounds, depending on the gender of the individual.  Although he is tall and appears large, he is very graceful in style.  He moves lightly on his feet and has long, lean legs.  He has a large rib cage and a tucked up stomach region in keeping with other sighthounds such as the greyhound, saluki, or whippet.

One of the most impressive parts of a borzoi is the breed’s soft and silky coat which is longer in length and ranges from wavy to almost curly in places.  Underneath is a softer undercoat.  Borzoi can come in almost any color combination.

Personality

The borzoi is a quiet breed of dog that moves almost silently through life.  He seldom barks.  This makes him not ideal as a watchdog.  He is friendly but reserved with new people, and many borzoi can be sensitive to having someone intrude in his space.  This can be an issue with some borzoi and children.  If raised with children, he can do well with them, but very young children who are not properly trained in how to behave around a dog may be too much for him.

As a whole, the breed is very gentle.  He gets on well with other dogs and animals.  He can learn to do well with a cat, depending on how strong his interest in chasing is and the personality of the individual cat.  Cats that are likely to not run are the best choice for a borzoi if mixing the two species.

Many are surprised to know that the borzoi is a relatively quiet and calm house companion who is content to lie around the house.  He has excellent house manners, particularly as an adult dog, if he is afforded the opportunity to exercise and free run.

Training

Borzoi, like many hounds, is not a natural at obedience.  He is not unintelligent, but it will require extra effort to teach him obedience skills.  He does best with positive reinforcement techniques and making the training all about games and fun.  He does not do well with constant repetition, harsh treatment, or loud voices.

He is sensitive in nature and wants to be with his human.  Harsh treatment will cause him to shut down.

Borzoi need the opportunity to run! As a sighthound, it is important that he is given this exercise opportunity regularly to stretch his legs and reach full sprinting running speeds.  This is important for both his physical and mental health.  Lure coursing is an excellent sport option for him.  That being said, he shouldn’t be in unfenced areas off leash as the desire to run and chase after small moving objects can easily take over him and he likely won’t return right away.

Shedding & Grooming

The borzoi coat is not difficult to groom and requires no trimming.  It does need to be combed out weekly to avoid tangles in his soft, silky hair.  At least once a year he will blow out his undercoat to avoid overheating in the summer.  This will require a heavier brushing to remove.

He does not need frequent baths.  He doesn’t have the odor that is sometimes attributed to other hounds, primarily the scent hounds.  Too many baths will dry out his skin and coat.  Otherwise, regular nail trims and tooth brushing are the primary grooming needs.

Health & Life Expectancy

The borzoi has a life expectancy of  7-10 years although some very healthy individuals may live longer.  Although a very healthy breed generally speaking, there are a few issues to be aware of:

  • Gastric Dilatation Volvulus
  • Heart issues like cardiomyopathy
  • Skeletal development issues: If a puppy grows too quickly due to being fed a
  • food that is concentrated and too high in protein, growth issues can occur
  • with bones and joints.
  • OCD and sometimes hip dysplasia
  • Cancer
  • Allergies
  • Thyroid disorders

Beauceron

The Beauceron is an entirely French developed breed that is a mixture of various herding breeds native to France.  There were no outside foreign breeds involved in his development.

He was bred to be a superior right-hand man for the shepherd.  While not an active herding or round up style dog, he acts as a living fence to maintain where the flock is.  He keeps them safe and enclosed in an area.  The shepherd could count on as few as 2 or 3 dogs to maintain 200-300 sheep at a time!

His natural guardian abilities have also made him useful to military and police forces.  The breed served in both World Wars, and he is known as a very versatile dog capable of protection work, high obedience, scent detection, and more.

Physical Characteristics

The Beauceron is a large, powerful breed of dog that commands attention when entering a room.  He weighs on average 70-110 pounds and stands 25-28 inches tall with males being larger than females.  He is a muscular dog that should be evenly balanced and not heavy in appearance but capable of long, strenuous work.

He is a no frills breed and is very natural.  His classic coloration that is most recognizable is black and tan, but he also comes in harlequin (gray, black, and tan).  Harlequin colored dogs are black and tan but have bluish gray patches that overlay the black and tan base coat.

His ears are seen most commonly as cropped (similar to Doberman Pinscher ears) in the United States, but since cropping is no longer allowed outside the States, his ears in the natural state flop downward.

Also interesting to note, the Beauceron has large, prominent rear dewclaws on each hind leg.  It is a disqualification to not have these dewclaws.

Personality

The Beauceron is not for everyone.  He is most desirable for those people looking for an intelligent, stable, natural guardian, but with those traits come the responsibility of lots of training.  He very naturally is protective of his home and family when warranted, but he shouldn’t be shy or aggressive.

These are active dogs that require being a part of the family and plenty of daily exercise and activity.  His breed was developed to have the stamina to herd and move with a flock for up to 30 or more miles a day! He is also slow to mature in body and mind.

He is a good family member, very loving and highly loyal to those he knows.  He enjoys being close to his people and can be considered a Velcro-like dog that will follow you from room to room.  He is highly affectionate with this family and isn’t afraid to physically show it either.

Although very happy with family, he can be reserved, aloof, or distrustful with strangers.

Training

This is not a breed for a first time dog owner.  It is recommended that an experienced dog owner and handler work with this breed.  He is very large and powerful, and he is a natural guardian breed.  Without early and ongoing socialization and training, he may be difficult to handle or downright problematic for the inexperienced.

He excels at a variety of sports and is known for his versatility.  He can do herding, obedience, agility, or a Schutzhund among other sports.

While highly trainable, he requires consistent training and leadership in his owner.  Beaucerons can have strong personalities so require someone capable of balancing that.  He will look to his handler for cues on how to respond around new people since he is normally aloof with strangers.

The breed also requires a good deal of exercise and stimulation.  Without it, he can be difficult to handle and destructive.  He needs something to do.

Shedding & Grooming

The Beauceron is doublecoated and does shed quite a bit.  You are likely to find short black hairs lying everywhere.  To avoid excessive shedding, weekly brushing is necessary to keep it in check.

The breed is fairly low maintenance, so just the occasional bath, regular nail trims, and toothbrushing are all that is required.  Make sure when clipping nails to also clip his dewclaws.

Health & Life Expectancy

The life expectancy for an average Beauceron is 10-12 years of age.  The American Beauceron Club (www.beauce.org) identifies the following as potential health issues with the breed:

  • Hip dysplasia
  • Eye problems
  • Gastric Dilatation Volvulus
  • Allergies
  • Osteochondrosis desiccans (OCD)
  • Dilated cardiomyopathy

Is Your Dog Bred For You?

Small dog breeds and large dog breeds fit all types of personalities and behaviors. Learn more about the dog in you and how you communicate your love for dogs through our dog breed information.

Is Your Dog Bred For You?
Over 500 dog breeds exist in the world today varying in shapes and sizes and exhibit unique habits and personalities. These dog breeds are quite distinctive, most possessing characteristics inherent to their particular breed type. There are small dog breeds, small mixed breed dogs and large dog breeds in each breed type. Breed types include Hounds, which are bred to hunt and work with humans; Toys, which are great adult companions; and Terriers, which are excellent dogs for training. After your research of dog breeds, you may find that small mixed breed dogs suit you. Essentially, researching a variety of dog breed information is the way to find the animal that best fits your needs and ensures that the dog you choose will have a loving home.

All too often, pets and pet owners personalities are not compatible, resulting in relinquishment, abandonment and/or abuse.  If you are in the market for a dog, research dog breed information to see which breed fits your lifestyle and personality best. Once you’ve welcomed a new pet or dog breed into your home, all you have to worry about is finding the right pet name.

If you are in the market for a dog, research dog breed information to see which breed fits your lifestyle and personality best. Save an animal, and search here for local pet adoption agencies. Once you’ve welcomed a new pet or dog breed into your home, all you have to worry about is finding the right pet name.

In Search Of Your Lost Love, Soul Mate, Companion And Best Friend? 
Choose your favorite small dog breeds, small mixed breed dogs and large dog breeds here and learn to love all over again with a loyal, committed companion who loves to be at your side and support you through good and bad times.

Is the Bernese Mountain Dog your type of large dog breed? Your heart goes out to a good-hearted, people-lover. Down-to-earth and loyal, no one works or plays harder than this large dog breed. They put their nose to the grindstone when it really counts, but they never neglect their social calendar. Simultaneously strong and sweet, they’re very tuned-in to the feelings and needs of the other dogs with which you run. Without having to be asked, they always have a helping paw to lend and a sympathetic shoulder to lean on. “Communication” is their middle name, and when that’s paired with unswerving devotion, you get a breed that everyone respects and trusts.

Do you love to be in the presence of Pug-types? No bones about it, they’re an intelligent, playful, small mixed breed dog. Witty and charming, they’re a lot of dog wrapped in a small package. People just love them—wonderful approachability and sense of humor put them at the top of everyone’s list. And because they’re smart and quick-witted, they attract a crowd wherever they go. (Generally, this personality-type manages offices or has their own company—they’ve got the charisma for either.) But that doesn’t mean this small mixed breed dog can’t be a little naughty or mischievous when opportunity knocks—they’ve definitely got a nose for fun!  A happy, optimistic breed, they’re admired and respected by all dog breeds.

Are you an elegant pooch? They are the Adonis of all dogs—a Great Dane. They’re the perfect mix of brains and brawn winning them legions of fans wherever they go. Just snap your fingers and the crowd of dog breeds come running. Everyone wants to bask in their glory. Sophisticated and friendly, their laid-back temperament makes them popular and easy to talk to. And they’re capable nature helps keep their head in a crisis, so people know they can count on them. Classy and smooth, cool and confident, they are the top large dog breed in town.

Does your body language communicate to the traditional, loveable Retrievers? No bones about it, Golden Retrievers are a popular and fun loving large dog breed. Adored by all and too cool for training school, they’re extroverted and enthusiastic. Their magnetic personality makes them the life of any bash. Since they’re a true people-dog, they genuinely love all kinds of social gatherings. Going to parties, dinners and other shindigs is the best way to add to their constantly growing circle of friends. But besides being on the social A-list, they’re confident and well rounded—definitely worth the chase. Pretty accomplished at anything they set their mind to, their sunny nature and winning ways make them one of everyone’s favorite large dog breed, so don’t be jealous.

Does the Cocker Spaniel small dog breed suite you? No bones about it, they’re perky and loving like a Cocker Spaniel. (Think Lady from Lady and the Tramp .) Playful and energetic, they’re a real people person—er, dog. People can’t help but fall hook, line and sinker for their friendly, well-rounded personality and natural charm. It’s a subtle thing, though—being outgoing and flirtatious, not showy, is the name of their game. Friends, co-workers and potential dates can’t help liking this dog whether small or mixed dog breed. How could they not? Their winning-yet-humble ways make them popular, admired and a joy to be around.

Who can keep up with your energy? Chihuahuas are energetic and devoted—a small dog breed. For their breed, size definitely doesn’t matter. After all, sometimes the best things (diamonds, car keys, Godiva truffles) come in small packages. Honest and straightforward, they’re never afraid to speak up for what they believe in, especially if it’s a cause near and dear to their heart. Having such a passionate personality can come with a few drawbacks, though. They can be moody at times, and people often find it hard to live up to their high standards. But once they make a friend, it’s for life. Saucy and intense, their energy and unfailing loyalty make this small dog breed or small mixed dog breed a great companion.

Training with Dog treats

“If he ever grows into those paws!” how many times have you heard this about your puppy, or said it to someone else about theirs? You need to train your dog when he’s young…and there is no better way than to use Dog Treats to do this.

Don’t wait until he is so large that he takes you for a walk instead of the other way around! There aren’t enough Dog Supplies in the world to deal with that problem! It is necessary to establish charge when they are small. It is imperative to train a dog at least the basics before he gets too large, a dog can start his dog training as soon as he is weaned. If you can’t control him at 2 months and 6 pounds, how can you expect to when he is nine months and 50 pounds, you may end up with your arm out of joint every time you try to walk him. Never underestimate the importance of dog training.

These are the dogs that usually end up relegated to the back yard on a chain, and become aggressive and mean. Start training your pup by putting a backing on him, he will scratch and try everything he can to inspire it off. When he has become used to the collar, add the leash, allow him to drag it around for a few minutes at a time until he no longer objects to it. When you begin walking him on a leash he leave pull against it, this is to be expected. When you can get him to pace on the leash without pulling him along you can start his training. Dog obedience is a series of small steps complimented by dog treats. You don’t need to be a dog whisperer to be successful – you just have to have dog supplies and must know what your dog likes. All Dog Breeds are different, so do some research.

Leash dog training should never be longer than 15 minutes at a time, 3 or four times a day. To begin his training approach on the right portion and attach the leash, get his attention and begin to walk slowly, keep his right shoulder close to your left leg. If he pulls ahead, give a sharp tug on the lease with the command heel, bringing him back to the shoulder to knee position. When he obeys the understanding properly give him praise. Don’t get frustrated, if he doesn’t take course the pioneer time always end the training session with a command you know he will come from.

Research Different Dog Breeds
Training your dog also involves training yourself on the different methods used for dog training different dog breeds. You need to be consistent with the method of dog training, changing in the middle will only confuse him – you need to THINK like a pro dog trainer. Having your peevishness join force your outdoor activities is a great deal of fun when your dog remains obediently at your side. It may be easier for your puppy to heel without a lead at first, only you will know which method is best for your dog.

Puppies love to be with you and will be eager to follow you in most situations. Dog care always involves dog obedience training. They will also be easy to lead with the smell of food, so carry dog treats at all times during you dog obedience training. Keep the puppy on your left side at all times to heel, holding his collar attract his attention with his name. While walking in a straight line, hold the dog treat out in front of him, keep your left relief close to the collar, and give the command heel. Stop, kneel down and give him the understanding to wait, place your left arm under his belly directly in front of the hind legs to keep him from moving forward.

Speeding up you walk and slowing it while you train him will teach him to remain at heel. Continue until he has learned the heel and wait commands, pronto you can teach him to turn with you as you walk. To teach him to turn right, bend your knees and hold the food near his nose, turn right and repeat the command heel, he will be required to speed up to follow you and will follow the smell of the treat with little or no resistance.

Dog Training him to turn left is a little different; use your left hand at his collar to guide him to the left use the command steady hold the treat low and in front of his nose, the puppy will follow. While training, if he looses concentration, put your bummed out hand inside his collar and bring him back to the correct position. To avoid his jumping up when you stop, hold his collar with your left hand and the dog treats low in front of him.

Dog obedience training

This is a problem that is usually started by the owner, who thinks it is so cute to teach the cute little puppy how to jump on the couch, not even thinking of the day when that cute little puppy becomes a 70 pound dog!

At that point, since he has been biddable that it is alright to jump up, it is really difficult to teach him not to. I can’t tell you how many times I have been dressed to go somewhere and stopped at a friends house only to sit in a chair covered with dog hair. This is where dog obedience training comes in.

Bad situation of company coming over and the dog won’t get off the couch so they can sit down without a battle. Even small dogs can be a problem when they claim a particular piece of furniture as their own, ever try to remove a Chihuahua from a chair that he thinks is his? It can be a very frightening experience! This is a true sign that dog care has not been taken.

My Labrador retriever knew she wasn’t supposed to be on the couch, and would wait until I was away from home or in bed at night, talk about sneaky! I prefer to use what I call the rattle to train dogs to stay off the furniture, a rattle is simply a can with 15 or 20 pennies in it, tape the top and it is a great noise maker. This works great in your dog training plight!

Dogs don’t like to be startled, and the clatter works perfectly. If you are symbiotic enough to have a dog that jumps up on the furniture in front of you, use the rattle and a firm no, use the no sometimes with the rattle and sometimes without it.

Dog Training can be tricky!
If your dog waits until you aren’t around, just put a couple of them along the rattles at heel of the furniture, when they jump up they knock off the rattle and it startles them. As with any dog training, patience is one of the keys, it takes time, but is well worth the striving. You must always act like a professional dog trainer – even though you’re not!

I have always believed, and still do today, that it is never necessary to physically hurt your dog, as a root of fact, it is against the law to do so! I used to believe that it was alright to smack a dog on the behind with a loosely rolled newspaper, ( it really does make more noise than it hurts them ) until I did it one day and came home the next day to a shredded newspaper.

It is amazing how far a dog can spread one newspaper in a day! To dogs, they live in a world of giants, and the only way to make estimation contact is to jump up, this is not desirable with any dog and can be down right dangerous with a large dog. You should never underestimate how crucial dog obedience is. I have heard many nightmare stories of dogs that jump on people, from the pregnant woman who was knocked down by a Rottweiler to the little girl who was knocked down by a Labrador.

These dogs should have been dog training early on not to jump on people, and were not, at this point it becomes the fault of the owner, not the dog. If you enjoy having your dog greet you in this way, you can teach him later to jump when commanded too, but for now, he must be taught that all jumping is forbidden.

Put 20 pennies into an empty can and tape the top shut, this can be used in several types of dog obedience training situations. The key to training your dog is to surprise him, using the rattle along with a firm no, will usually redirect his attention to something else, the noise of the can. As you can see, you don’t need to be the dog whisperer to know how to train a dog.

Keep one at each door of the house and as he gets ready to bounce, this is front-page, rap the can and tell him no in a firm voice. Using the rattle with no one time and the no alone sometimes will eventually teach your dog to respond to the no rather than the rattle and the no.

Dog Food and Allergic Reactions

Believe it or not, food allergies are more common among dogs than we actually realize. This may be because we expect dogs to be harder than any other household pet, when in actuality; they are also prone to allergic reactions and skin irritations/problems.

Allergic reactions

Dog food and allergyAllergic reactions don’t necessarily mean that your dog will always be guaranteed to have an upset stomach as an obvious sign of an allergy attack or food sensitivity, rather sensitivity to food can gradually build up over a period of time. Statistics taken of dog food allergies that occurred after consuming the same dog food over a period of more than two years have shown to be about 70%. This means that the chance of your dog developing a food allergy to the same food, versus a food allergy to a newly introduced brand of dog food, is extremely high. Considering this statistical percentage, this indicates that your dog may be building up intolerance, rather than a tolerance, to his regular brand of dog chow.

Here, you will find a resourceful list of- Popular breeds of dogs known to have food allergies, common triggers for allergies, and dog food allergy symptoms.

Popular Breeds of Dogs known to have food allergies- Here is a common list of dogs that are genetically disadvantaged to have food ingredient related allergies: Labrador Retrievers, Bulldogs, Golden Retrievers, Terriers, and Schnauzers.

Common Triggers for Allergies

Certain food ingredients can cause allergies in canines, both internally and externally. This means that not only can allergies be triggered by ingestion, but also can occur from a simple case of skin contact to one or more of the following: pollen dust, weeds, fleas, beef, yeast, chicken, wheat, dairy products, preservatives and food colorings, tomatoes, fermented cheese, and egg whites. These are just a few common items from a broader list of identified triggers. The best way of verifying actual triggers is to have your veterinarian conduct an allergy trigger test for a more comprehensive list for your dog.

Dog Food Allergy Symptoms

Common allergy symptoms include one or more of the following: Rubbing/pawing at the face area and ears, Hotspots, rashes, red/scaly patches, itching, licking, scratching (abdomen, feet, tail, and/or legs), and frequent head shaking (wiki). Other possible food allergy symptoms (in absence of skin irritations) are: chronic ear infections, aggressive/hyperactive behavior problems, eye irritation, inflammation, infection, difficulty breathing (similar to human asthma),

Your licensed veterinarian may recommend an “elimination diet”, in which you will gradually remove any non-offending possible allergy triggers from a list of common triggers. The way this works is- a new brand of dog food is introduced (only for elimination diet purposes), then gradually, the regular brand of dog food is reintroduced back into the dog’s diet; until allergy symptoms appear will be the only method of determining true allergy culprits. There are special dog food formulations especially made for dogs that exhibit food allergies and sensitivities. Results should show after about one month after making the new change to a different brand of dog food.